Newsportal - Ruhr-Universität Bochum
Digital navigation leaves holey, inaccurate inner maps in our heads. That is about to change.
Frank Dickmann is awarded an Advanced Grant from the European Research Council.
Improving the efficiency of maps
GPS navigation systems in cars and mobile phones are playing an increasingly important role in spatial orientation and navigation. The drawback is that the cognitive map that forms in the mind of users who rely on digital navigation devices is much more fragmented, incomplete and inaccurate than the spatial representations that are formed when reading a traditional printed map. As our reliance on digital devices increases, we urgently need to develop more efficient ways of displaying maps in navigation systems that will enhance our spatial orientation skills rather than reduce them. To remedy this deficit, Professor Frank Dickmann, holder of the Chair of Cartography at the Institute of Geography at Ruhr University Bochum, Germany, aims to develop cartographic visualisations that build on internal brain processes. His project “A novel approach to improved navigation performance through memory triggering maps”, InnerMap for short, is funded by the European Research Council (ERC) with 2.5 million euros for five years.
Activating neuronal firing
Neuroscience studies have identified brain cells such as place cells and grid cells whose activity patterns are associated with navigational processes. Experiments in animals and indirectly in humans have shown to what extent environmental stimuli such as walls or boundaries affect the activity of grid cells in the brain. The fundamental impact of such structures on cell activation could be used to improve spatial orientation skills in humans. This is because the spatially tuned cells are active in humans not only while they are moving in a spatial environment, but also when the movement is merely imagined, such as when reading a map. It should therefore also be possible to stabilise the activity of grid cells in a person’s brain by map symbols that the person registers when reading a (digital) map. This can be done by adding distinctive lines or graphic patterns to the map that are likely to stimulate the firing of grid cells. Navigating with maps that result in such cell activation could thus result in a speedier generation of an internal map and ultimately improve memory performance.
Several empirical studies are planned to identify visualisation mechanisms that support cellular activities in the human brain. They will include functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), electroencephalographic (EEG) monitoring, virtual reality as well as behavioural studies (eye tracking).
After graduating in geography, economic geography and history, Frank Dickmann completed his PhD at RWTH Aachen University. He then worked as a research associate and post-doctoral researcher at the University of Cologne and at RWTH Aachen University. He completed his habilitation on map-based information technology in geography at the University of Göttingen, and subsequently held professorships at RWTH Aachen University and FAU Erlangen-Nuremberg. At the Institute for Cartography TU Dresden, he held the position of university lecturer for topography and topographic cartography.
At Ruhr University Bochum, Frank Dickmann has led several projects on 3D cartography and cognitive cartography funded by the German Research Foundation. He has authored numerous national and international papers and has written several (text) books on modern cartography. Since 2001, he has been co-editor of the journal “KN – Journal of Cartography and Geographic Information”. His most current research focuses primarily on empirical studies on the efficiency of cartographic media and the cognitive influences in map use.
Prof. Dr. Frank Dickmann
Institute of Geography
Ruhr University Bochum
Phone: +49 234 32 23379
30 March 2023